Types of Drilling Rigs

Drilling rigs are at the foundation of every mining operation, tunnel, water well, and major construction project. Used to penetrate the Earth’s surface, there are various drilling rigs available to suit any specific environmental need.

Most drill rigs and associated equipment are portable, to some degree. They may be one man operations or require an entire crew with heavy equipment to manage. Some drilling rigs can be utilized in multiple applications through the ability to change drilling heads, which bore holes from 4 inches to 24 inches in diameter.

A drilling rig is classified by several attributes.

  • Power sources may be mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, or pneumatic.
  • Height, measured by the number of pipe lengths that can stand in the derrick when changing bits, is referred to as single-, double-, triple- or quadri- stand.
  • Drilling methods include push drilling, where no rotation occurs, rotary table drilling, top drive rotation, sonic, and percussive.
  • Derrick position may be vertical or at a 45-degree slant.

The type of drill rig required for a specific job will be based on the reason for drilling, the type of subsurface being drilled, and the scope of the operation at hand, from deep earth core samples to massive bridge pilings.

  • Augers employ a helical screw with a bladed bit to drill into sub-surface soils. The debris “rides the flights” out of the hole as the auger drills deeper. The stem may be solid or hollow to allow concrete grout to be pumped into the hole, creating a cast piling that will support heavy loads in weak soil.
  • Percussion Rotary Air Blast (RAB) drilling is primarily used for mineral exploration. Also known as down-the-hole drilling, this method employs a pneumatic hammer with tungsten “teeth” that chew away the rock surface as the debris is blown up and out through the excess space surrounding the rod.
  • Air Core drilling is very similar to RAB drilling, but is used in softer soils and, because it has a central evacuation tube to move debris out of the hole, more accurate soil samplings may be taken.
  • Cable tool drill rigs are used to drill water wells in bedrock aquifers. A cable raises, turns, and drops a hammer, pulverizing the soil in the hole. The debris is then mucked out by a “bailer”, a bucket with a trapdoor bottom, that scoops out the overburden. The hammer is then re-employed and the process repeats.
  • Direct push drilling is similar to cable tool drilling except the hammer does not rotate. It is used for drilling into in very soft soils.

The hallmarks of a good drilling company, as well as a good drill rig are reliability, versatility, and affordability. Your supplier should be able to provide all tools, equipment, service, and instruction to ensure your best success.

Pennsylvania Drilling Company Announces Full-Service Sales, Rentals, and More

Gill Beetle Drill, manufactured by Gill Rock Drill, is a simple, sturdy drill that can be designed for any type of drilling operation including rock quarry drilling, construction drilling, and geothermal drilling.

Founded in 1915 by Fred A. Gill, Gill Rock Drill’s mission is to satisfy the needs of customers by providing high quality equipment, tools and service.

Rock drilling is a specialized field that requires the right equipment and the knowledge to back it up. You need a rock drilling equipment supplier like the Gill Rock Drill company that keeps up on today’s advanced technology. Our equipment will make your work site safer and more efficient than ever before. The old saying, “hard as a rock,” explains the difficulty involved in drilling through rock and how important it is to use the right equipment and supplier for the job.

The full line of Gill Beetle Drills can be customized for any application and can include a large capacity air compressor and trailer for the complete drilling package. Don’t have all the tools necessary? Gill Rock Drill can provide you with tools and supplies including drill steel, casing, adaptors, and hammers and bits. Gill Rock also does tool joint rethreading and repair.

Gill Rock Drill offers in-house or on-site servicing and repair of drilling equipment. If your project requires equipment too expensive to purchase for your need, you have the option of daily, weekly, monthly, or long-term rentals. Further, if you’re looking for contract drilling, Gill Rock Drill has a team of trained drill crew.

About Gill Rock Drill: Gill Rock Drill Company is a full-service manufacturer and distributor of drilling equipment, tools and supplies. Whether it be contract drilling, rentals, service, or support, you can always rely on Gill Rock Drill Company to provide training and technical expertise. Contact Gill Rock Drill at sales@gillrockdrill.com or call (717) 272-3861.

In-House or On-Site Servicing and Repair of Drilling Equipment

Rely on Gill Rock Drill Company For Dependable In-House And On-Site Repair And Service!
Does your enterprise perform drilling operations with some frequency? If so, you appreciate the importance of obtaining dependable service and maintenance for your equipment! Unplanned “down time” costs companies in this industry thousands (and even tens of thousands) of dollars. When you use the renowned Gill Beetle Drill, you’ll have access to dependable, expert on-site and in-house maintenance and repair services. We fully support our product lines and our customers.

Try Before You Buy

As a leading manufacturer and vendor of specialized drilling equipment in Pennsylvania, we offer experienced customized services. Your company can ask us to help modify your drilling products to meet the unique needs of your marketplace. We also offer contract rock drilling and the assistance of a trained drill crew. You can essentially test out our products before you enter into a purchase agreement by requesting rock drilling equipment rentals first. See for yourself how well our superbly manufactured product lines and trained personnel advance your field operations!

Our company has manufactured drilling products for decades. We understand the needs of businesses serving customers in niche drilling markets. Whether you require rock drilling equipment for construction and infrastructure projects, for drilling water wells, for mining, or for virtually any other purpose, you’ll want to consider our fine equipment. Our specialized contract rock drilling service can help you keep your projects in the field on time and within desired targets.

Reliable Maintenance And Repair Services Really Matter

Today so many drilling companies depend heavily upon the implementation of regular, periodic maintenance programs. Service by experienced technicians can help keep equipment running smoothly in the field. No one appreciates costly breakdowns or sudden drill failures. Enterprises which prioritize service and maintenance highly may discover they obtain the best value from their investment in heavy equipment and specialized drills by contracting for regular maintenance and repair services.

Whether you require an experienced rotary drill pipe supplier, capable in house maintenance and repair services, or short or long term equipment rentals, we’d like to assist you. Our company has served clients throughout the Eastern Seaboard for generations. You can count on our expertise to help you solve many different types of challenging drill and equipment problems.

Further Information

We want to support your drilling company’s effort to provide superb customer service. Can we assist you? Simply give us a call at (800) 334-3117 to discuss your drilling service and repair needs. We look forward to speaking with you!